From Presidential to Parliamentary..

Ok yung TV program kagabi about Cha-cha.. urong at sulong hosted by Dong Puno.. sayang nga lang at medyo nabitin.. isang oras lang kasi.. pero meron pa ata next week , i dunno kung regular na sya.. ill look at the abs-cbn forums for verification.. magulo na talaga ang pulitika dito sa bansa.. hindi mo alam anu ang mali.. kung ang system ba o ang liderato.. parliamentary shift ang main issue dito sa pag amend sa 1987 Constitution

::Basic Facts::
A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Hence, there is no clear-cut separation of powers between the executive and legislative branches, leading to criticism from some that they lack checks and balances found in a presidential republic. Parliamentarianism is praised, relative to presidentialism, for its flexibility and responsiveness to the public. It is faulted for its tendency to sometimes lead to unstable governments, as in the German Weimar Republic and the French Fourth Republic. Parliamentary systems usually have a clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state, with the head of government being the prime minister or premier, and the head of state often being an appointed figurehead with only minor or ceremonial powers.

::Advantages::
-Some believe that it is easier to pass legislation within a parliamentary system. This is because the executive branch is dependent upon the direct or indirect support of the legislative branch and often includes members of the legislature.

-Parliamentarianism has attractive features for nations that are ethnically, racially, or ideologically divided. In a unipersonal presidential system, all executive power is concentrated in the president. In a parliamentary system, with a collegial executive, power is more divided.

-There is also a body of scholarship, associated with Juan Linz, Fred Riggs, Bruce Ackerman, and Robert Dahl that claims that parliamentarianism is less prone to authoritarian collapse. These scholars point out that since World War II, two-thirds of Third World countries establishing parliamentary governments successfully transitioned to democracy. By contrast, no Third World presidential system successfully transitioned to democracy without experiencing coups and other constitutional breakdowns.

::Criticism::
-A main criticism of many parliamentary systems is that the head of government cannot be directly voted on. In a presidential system, the president is directly chosen by the people, or by a set of electors directly chosen by the people, but in a parliamentary system the prime minister is elected by the party leadership.

-Another major criticism comes from the relationship between the executive and legislative branches. Because there is a lack of obvious separation of power, some believe that a parliamentary system can place too much power in the executive entity, leading to the feeling that the legislature or judiciary have little scope to administer checks or balances on the executive.

-Critics point to Israel, Italy, the French Fourth Republic, and Weimar Germany as examples of parliamentary systems where unstable coalitions, demanding minority parties, no confidence votes, and threats of no confidence votes, make or have made effective governance impossible.

-The lack of a definite election calendar can be abused. In some systems, such as the British, a ruling party can schedule elections when it feels that it is likely to do well, and so avoid elections at times of unpopularity. Thus, by wise timing of elections, in a parliamentary system a party can extend its rule for longer than is feasible in a functioning presidential system.

my 2 cents..
wala naman talagang perfect form of government.. bawat system may advantage at disadvantages.. problema lang talaga eh ang namumuno sa bawat system na yan.. at mga nakapaligid sa kanya.. syempre ang taong-bayan nakamasid lang.. pero dapat eh hindi magsawalang kibo na lang tayo.. makialam tayo sa bagay bagay na iyan dahil tayo rin ang makikinabang o mapeperwisyo dyan.. ang masasabi ko lang eh.. dapat ituloy pa itong information campaign about sa charter change at parliamentary form of government.

2 Reaction(s) :: From Presidential to Parliamentary..

  1. i am really not that convinced na malaki ang maitutulong sa pilipinas by changing the form of govt. siguro masasabi ko na it might work kung nakikita kong the members of the legislature, whether congress or senate, have managed to worked as one. politicians in the philippines are too partisan. it is their mind that needs a transformation.

  2. wala talaga.. maganda dito.. ibakante lahat ng puwesto tapos saka tayo mag eleksyon.. wag na isali mga trapo